science – Dictionary Definition :


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natural history

the scientific study of plants or animals (more observational than experimental) usually published in popular magazines rather than in academic journals

natural science

the sciences involved in the study of the physical world and its phenomena

math, mathematics, maths

a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement

agronomy, scientific agriculture

the application of soil and plant sciences to land management and crop production


the study of plant nutrition and growth especially as a way to increase crop yield


science of soils in relation to crops

architectonics, tectonics

the science of architecture


the science and technology of metals


the scientific study of measurement


the scientific study of food and drink (especially in humans)

psychological science, psychology

the science of mental life

IP, informatics, information processing, information science

the sciences concerned with gathering, manipulating, storing, retrieving, and classifying recorded information

cognitive science

the field of science concerned with cognition; includes parts of cognitive psychology and linguistics and computer science and cognitive neuroscience and philosophy of mind

social science

the branch of science that studies society and the relationships of individual within a society


the science or art of strategy


the science of systematic classification


the branch of science that studies death (especially its social and psychological aspects)

cryptanalysis, cryptanalytics, cryptography, cryptology

the science of analyzing and deciphering codes and ciphers and cryptograms


the scientific study of language

pure mathematics

the branches of mathematics that study and develop the principles of mathematics for their own sake rather than for their immediate usefulness

applied math, applied mathematics

the branches of mathematics that are involved in the study of the physical or biological or sociological world

bioscience, life science

any of the branches of natural science dealing with the structure and behavior of living organisms

chemical science, chemistry

the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions

natural philosophy, physics

the science of matter and energy and their interactions

physical science, physics

the physical properties, phenomena, and laws of something

earth science

any of the sciences that deal with the earth or its parts


the science that maps the general features of the universe; describes both heaven and earth (but without encroaching on geography or astronomy)

powder metallurgy

the metallurgy of powdered metals; how to produce solid metal objects from powdered metal by compaction and sintering

abnormal psychology, psychopathology

the branch of psychology concerned with abnormal behavior

applied psychology, industrial psychology

any of several branches of psychology that seek to apply psychological principles to practical problems of education or industry or marketing etc.

cognitive psychology

an approach to psychology that emphasizes internal mental processes

animal psychology, comparative psychology

the branch of psychology concerned with the behavior of animals

child psychology, developmental psychology, genetic psychology

the branch of psychology that studies the social and mental development of children

differential psychology

the branch of psychology that studies measurable differences between individuals

experimental psychology, psychonomics

the branch of psychology that uses experimental methods to study psychological issues

neuropsychology, physiological psychology, psychophysiology

the branch of psychology that is concerned with the physiological bases of psychological processes

psychometrics, psychometrika, psychometry

any branch of psychology concerned with psychological measurements

social psychology

the branch of psychology that studies persons and their relationships with others and with groups and with society as a whole

NLP, human language technology, natural language processing

the branch of information science that deals with natural language information


(biology) the field of science concerned with processes of communication and control (especially the comparison of these processes in biological and artificial systems)


the social science of municipal affairs


the social science that studies the origins and social relationships of human beings

government, political science, politics

the study of government of states and other political units

domestic science, home ec, home economics, household arts

theory and practice of homemaking

economic science, economics, political economy

the branch of social science that deals with the production and distribution and consumption of goods and services and their management


the study of spatial distances between individuals in different cultures and situations


the study and classification of human societies

biosystematics, biosystematy

use of data (e.g. cytogenetic or biochemical) to assess taxonomic relations especially within an evolutionary framework


(biology) study of the general principles of scientific classification

computational linguistics

the use of computers for linguistic research and applications

dialect geography, linguistic geography

the study of the geographical distribution of linguistic features


the study of the sources and development of words

diachronic linguistics, diachrony, historical linguistics

the study of linguistic change


the branch of linguistics that studies the relation between language and the structure and function of the nervous system


the study of language use


the study of language meaning


the study of language in relation to its sociocultural context

structural linguistics, structuralism

linguistics defined as the analysis of formal structures in a text or discourse

synchronic linguistics

the study of a language without reference to its historical context

descriptive linguistics

a description (at a given point in time) of a language with respect to its phonology and morphology and syntax and semantics without value judgments

prescriptive linguistics

an account of how a language should be used instead of how it is actually used; a prescription for the `correct’ phonology and morphology and syntax and semantics

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