The University of Cambridge adopted the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) definition of anti-Semitism on November 4.
According to the Cambridge’s website, the university’s General Board decided to adopt the definition during a board meeting. The website provided the full IHRA definition, which includes accusing Jews of having dual loyalty to Israel and “denying the Jewish people their right to self-determination.”
Additionally, the university acknowledged the importance of freedom of speech, noting that criticism of Israel isn’t anti-Semitic unless there is “additional evidence to suggest anti-Semitic intent.”
Jewish groups praised the university for adopting the IHRA definition.
“We trust that this announcement endows colleges, faculties and departments with the clarity and confidence to take robust action to safeguard Jewish students and we will seek further details on how this decision will be implemented,” Joel Rosen, external affairs officer for the Cambridge University Jewish Society, said in a statement. “No Jewish
Science is a systematic and logical approach to discovering how things in the universe work. It is also the body of knowledge accumulated through the discoveries about all the things in the universe.
The word “science” is derived from the Latin word scientia, which is knowledge based on demonstrable and reproducible data, according to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary. True to this definition, science aims for measurable results through testing and analysis. Science is based on fact, not opinion or preferences. The process of science is designed to challenge ideas through research. One important aspect of the scientific process is that it is focuses only on the natural world, according to the University of California. Anything that is considered supernatural does not fit into the definition of science.
The scientific method
When conducting research, scientists use the scientific method to collect measurable, empirical evidence in an experiment related to a hypothesis
the scientific study of plants or animals (more observational than experimental) usually published in popular magazines rather than in academic journals
the sciences involved in the study of the physical world and its phenomena
math, mathematics, maths
a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement
agronomy, scientific agriculture
the application of soil and plant sciences to land management and crop production
the study of plant nutrition and growth especially as a way to increase crop yield
science of soils in relation to crops
Science is the pursuit and application of knowledge and understanding of the natural and social world following a systematic methodology based on evidence.
Scientific methodology includes the following:
- Objective observation: Measurement and data (possibly although not necessarily using mathematics as a tool)
- Experiment and/or observation as benchmarks for testing hypotheses
- Induction: reasoning to establish general rules or conclusions drawn from facts or examples
- Critical analysis
- Verification and testing: critical exposure to scrutiny, peer review and assessment
Why define science?
In 2009, the Science Council agreed that it wanted to be clearer when it talked about sound science and science-based policy. The Science Council has “science” in its name but had not previously clarified what this actually meant. In addition to developing a better understanding of what types of organisations might become members, it was felt that the recent inclusion of the advancement of science as a charitable activity
History of science, the development of science over time.
On the simplest level, science is knowledge of the world of nature. There are many regularities in nature that humankind has had to recognize for survival since the emergence of Homo sapiens as a species. The Sun and the Moon periodically repeat their movements. Some motions, like the daily “motion” of the Sun, are simple to observe, while others, like the annual “motion” of the Sun, are far more difficult. Both motions correlate with important terrestrial events. Day and night provide the basic rhythm of human existence. The seasons determine the migration of animals upon which humans have depended for millennia for survival. With the invention of agriculture, the seasons became even more crucial, for failure to recognize the proper time for planting could lead to starvation. Science defined simply as knowledge of natural processes is universal among humankind, and
What is education? Is it different from schooling? In this piece Mark K Smith explores the meaning of education and suggests it is a process of inviting truth and possibility.
It can be defined as the wise, hopeful and respectful cultivation of learning undertaken in the belief that all should have the chance to share in life.
contents: introduction • education – cultivating hopeful environments and relationships for learning • education, respect and wisdom • education – acting so all may share in life • conclusion – what is education? • further reading and references • acknowledgements • how to cite this piece
A definition for starters: Education is the wise, hopeful and respectful cultivation of learning undertaken in the belief that all should have the chance to share in life.
When talking about education people often confuse it with schooling. Many think of places like schools
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Definition of science fiction
: fiction dealing principally with the impact of actual or imagined science on society or individuals or having a scientific factor as an essential orienting component
In clarifying your next career phase and developing the needed capabilities, research shows that there are a variety of stages involved in the career change process, such as agency, goal setting, self-responsibility, engagement, employability skills, job search, job satisfaction and work stress.
Changing careers is a nonlinear and complex progression incorporating a number of different concepts and processes, as well as a range of skills including research, career exploration, career choice, values and meaning, the process of the career search, self-regulation, coping with and overcoming challenges and barriers, self-motivation, goal setting, agency and control, learning new skills and investing in mentorship and support networks.