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Exoplanet Covered In Ice And Lava Shows Earth’s Distant Future

In a study published in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, an international team of scientists describes a hellish exoplanet, providing a glimpse into Earth’s distant future.

In analyzing the illumination pattern of the exoplanet K2-141b, the team discovered that about two-thirds of the planet faces perpetual daylight. K2-141b is an Earth-size exoplanet orbiting an orange dwarf – stars which are slightly cooler than our own sun – in the Sagittarius constellation. K2-141b belongs to a subset of rocky planets that orbit very close to their star. The planet needs just six hours to make a full orbit. This proximity keeps the exoplanet gravitationally locked in place, meaning the same side always faces the star.

Based on this observation, the researchers tried to simulate the environmental

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Scientists Determine ‘Extreme’ So-Called ‘Lava Planet’ Rains Rocks, Is Covered in Magma Oceans

JULIE ROUSSY, MCGILL GRAPHIC DESIGN AND GETTY K2-141b

Far out in the galaxy sits a so-called “lava planet,” where it rains rocks into oceans made of magma and even supersonic winds can’t cool down the 5,000-degree temperatures.

A new study used computer simulations to predict the conditions of exoplanet K2-141b, and found those conditions to be “extreme,” including an ocean, surface and atmosphere all made of rock, according to a news release from the scientists behind the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society study.

The earth-sized planet also has supersonic winds and a magma ocean that’s 62 miles deep.

“The study is the first to make predictions about weather conditions on K2-141b that can be detected from hundreds of light years away with next-generation telescopes such as the James Webb Space Telescope,” lead author Giang Nguyen, a PhD student at York University who worked under the supervision of McGill

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This lava planet has a magma ocean and ‘rocky’ weather

That’s the portrait painted in a new study by scientists from McGill University, York University and the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research in Kolkata published on Tuesday in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.

The researchers described conditions on this planet, called K2-141b, which is located about 210 light-years from Earth. It orbits extremely closely around its star, which is just slightly smaller than our sun.

This “lava” planet completes a revolution in about six or seven hours, just about grazing the star’s surface as it hurtles through space.

By contrast, Mercury, the closest planet to the sun in our solar system, takes 87 days to orbit the sun.

“Almost half of the planet is molten magma,” said lead study author Tue Giang Nguyen, a doctoral student at York University in Toronto. “The atmosphere created by vaporized rocks spreads around the planet.”

That vaporized silicon dioxide,

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We’ve Found Oceans Of Molten Lava And ‘Rocky Rain’ On The Most Extreme Planet Yet, Say Scientists

Scientists have found an exoplanet of molten lava oceans where they forecast supersonic winds and “rocky rain.”

A fiery hot world that orbits its star so closely that a year takes less than seven hours, K2-141b is among the most extreme planets discovered thus far beyond the Solar System.

According to a study published in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, scientists from McGill University, York University and the Indian Institute of Science Education, K2-141b has a surface, ocean and atmosphere all made up of the same thing—rock.

It’s thought that K2-141b is a place where rock is vaporized and falls as a mineral “rocky rain” that replenishes an ocean of molten lava.

MORE FROM FORBESThis Week Jupiter Aligns With Saturn. What Happens Next Will

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Hot planet with lava rain, ocean compared to ‘Star Wars’ world

A planet with 5,400-degree temperatures and 3,000 mph winds has people comparing it to a ‘Star Wars’ world.

Scientists say they have discovered a planet that is so hot, they believe that rocks evaporate and “rain” back down as lava. People on social media have already given it a name — the “Star Wars” world of Mustafar.

Planet K2-141b is located so close to its star, it is gravitationally locked into place, according to a study from scientists at McGill University, York University, and the Indian Institute of Science Education. That means 2/3 of the planet is in perpetual daylight of 5,400 degrees Fahrenheit while the dark side is minus-392 degrees.

Computer simulations show that the Earth-sized planet has a surface, ocean and atmosphere that are all made up of rocks, according to McGill University.

“The study is the first to make predictions about weather conditions on K2-141b that can

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On this hellscape lava planet, it rains rock and the winds are supersonic

Exoplanet K2-141b lives in a close orbit to its star, making it a wild and inhospitable place.


Julie Roussy/Getty Images

If you ever need to feel more grateful for Earth, just take a moment to contemplate some of the truly horrifying exoplanets that lurk outside our solar system. Take, for example, K2-141b, a nightmare “lava planet” where it rains rock.

A team of researchers led by York University doctoral student Tue Giang Nguyen ran computer simulations to predict the conditions and weather on the extreme planet. K2-141b has the misfortune of being located close to its host star. It’s also oriented so that two-thirds of the planet is locked into blazing-hot perpetual light while the dark side remains frigid.

The scientists published a study on K2-141b in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.

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Bizarre molten planet discovered with lava ocean, supersonic winds

Scientists say they have possibly identified a lava world so dramatic that it might boast a thin regional atmosphere of vaporized rock where it is closest to its star.

That exoplanet is called K2-141b and was originally discovered in 2017. The world is about half again as big as Earth but orbits so close to its star, which is one class smaller than our own, that it completes several loops each Earth-day with the same surface permanently facing the star. Now, scientists predict those factors mean that two-thirds of the surface of K2-141b is permanently sunlit — so much so that not only is part of the world covered in a lava ocean, but some of that rock may even evaporate away into the atmosphere.

An artist's rendering of K2-141b. (Julie Roussy / McGill Graphic Design and Getty Images)
An artist’s rendering of K2-141b. (Julie Roussy / McGill Graphic Design and Getty Images)

“All rocky planets­, including Earth, started off as molten worlds but

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Scientists discover bizarre hell planet where it rains rocks and oceans are made of lava

If you thought living on Earth in 2020 was comparable to hell, planet K2-141b is here to prove you wrong. 

On the scorching hot planet, hundreds of light-years away, oceans are made of molten lava, winds reach supersonic speeds and rain is made of rocks. Scientists have referred to the bizarre, hellish exoplanet as one of the most “extreme” ever discovered. 

According to a new study published in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, scientists from McGill University, York University and the Indian Institute of Science Education have uncovered details of one of the newest “lava planets” — a world that so closely orbits its host star that much of it is composed of flowing lava oceans. 

Scientists found the atmosphere and weather cycle of K2-141b to be particularly bizarre. The Earth-sized exoplanet appears to have a surface, ocean and atmosphere all made of the same ingredients: rocks. 

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Hellscape lava planet rains rocks, suffers from supersonic winds

If you ever need to feel more grateful for Earth, then just take a moment to contemplate some of the truly horrifying exoplanets that lurk outside our own solar system. Take, for example, K2-141b, a nightmare “lava planet” where it rains rock.



a star in the dark: Exoplanet K2-141b lives in a close orbit to its star, making it a wild and inhospitable place. Julie Roussy/Getty Images


© Provided by CNET
Exoplanet K2-141b lives in a close orbit to its star, making it a wild and inhospitable place. Julie Roussy/Getty Images

A team of researchers led by York University doctoral student Tue Giang Nguyen ran computer simulations to predict the conditions and weather on the extreme planet. K2-141b has the misfortune of being located close to its host star. It’s also oriented so that two-thirds of the planet is locked into blazing-hot perpetual light while the dark side remains frigid.



a star in the dark: Exoplanet K2-141b lives in a close orbit to its star, making it a wild an inhospitable place.


© Julie Roussy, McGill Graphic Design and Getty Images

Exoplanet K2-141b lives in a close orbit to its star, making it a wild an inhospitable

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